Information of Sierra Leone Culture & History
Learn about rich culture and interesting history of Sierra Leone with unique natural beauty once attracted many visitors.
Sierra Leone’s unique natural beauty once attracted 100,000 tourists annually, attracted to its secluded white sandy beaches, unspoilt rainforests and refreshing waterfalls. Following a bloody civil war, readers are now starting to rediscover free airline African country’s splendour.
Culture of Sierra Leone
Culture of Sierra Leone is varied and rich. It’s evolved from the traditions practiced and followed previously. The culture of Sierra Leone primarily includes dance and music.
An essential feature of the cultural lifetime of Sierra Leone is dancing. The Sierra Leone Dance Troupe is famous world wide. All the communities of the united states have their own distinct style of costume and dance. Certain closed societies, like the Wunde, the Sande and the Gola also have their particular ceremonial dances.
- The dance of Sierra Leone demands agility, gracefulness and rhythm of the special kind. Most of the dances have a lot of symbolism. Dances are combined with the beats of drums, wooden xylophones as well as other stringed instruments.
Another integral feature of dances in the united states is the carving of various wooden masks in human and animal figures. This sort of dance is especially advanced within the southern region.
- The most well-known carved estimate Sierra Leonean art is the Sande mask worn around the head of the chief dancer. It’s worn while dancing for the ceremony involving reappearance of the female from the period of seclusion. The mask includes a symmetrically cut out black head of the African woman with an elaborate plaited pyramidal coiffure. It’s embellished with various figures and wears a manifestation of dignity and beauty.
- Music can also be an integral part of the culture from the region. The palm wine music of Sierra Leonean referred to as maringa is very popular. Popularized by Ebenezer Calender and the Maringar Band it used styles which were heard from freed slaves of the Caribbean. They particularly included the Trinidadian calypso. Gumbe a primarily vocal and percussive music can also be well known. Afropop is equally popular in the united states. It refers to contemporary African pop music.
Ivory figures will also be a part of the Sierra Leone culture. This craft form is prevalent one of the Sherbro, Bullom, and Temne peoples of the coastal and northern regions. Steatite human figures called nomoli, or, in wooden form called pomtan were utilised for ancestor worship or fertility rites.
History of Sierra Leone
The history of Sierra Leone is as interesting because the country itself. History of Sierra Leone depicts that Sierra Leone was initially inhabited by the Sherbro and Limba people. Later, the Mende tribe started residing in the country. To them, Sierra Leone was referred to as Romarong.
Sierra Leone history can be divided into the next phases:
Pre-20th century history:
The nation of Sierra Leone had a very eventful Five centuries. Sierra Leone was a major player at first and end of the slave trade. However, inequalities between your Krio freed slaves who developed the current nation and indigenous peoples caused bitterness and conflict in the area.
Krios have long ceased to rule Sierra Leone, however the same old inequalities between the Freetown elite and also the poor of the interiors remained alive. It was one of the factors that left the nation in ruins.The American slave trade was effectively launched from Freetown within the historic year of 1560 by the 18th century, Portuguese and British trading and slaving settlements chosen the coast.
In the late 1700s, freed slaves from places for example North America were brought to the brand new settlement of the capital city of Freetown. Gradually, Britain abolished slavery and Sierra Leone also it became a British colony.
Many subsequent settlers were liberated from slaving ships and came into existence known as Krios and assumed an English lifestyle. They started together dominating the federal government and trade of the country. However, Sierra Leone past was seen as a slave trade, along with various diseases, rebellion and attacks through the French that damaged the 1800s Sierra Leone to a great extent.
Modern History of Sierra Leone:
Independence of Sierra Leone came in the entire year 1961. The 1960s and 1970s were seen as a coups that led to a shift of capacity to the indigenous Mende and Temnes peoples and also the establishment of a one-party state.
The Sierra Leone government was pretty ineffective and tried using South African military against the liberation front of Sierra Leone. Within the 1996 elections, Ahmad Tejan Kabbah was declared President. But annually later, the Armed Forces Revolutionary Council (AFRC) grabbed charge of government and decided to share power using the RUF.
In March, 1998 Ecomog, a West African peacekeeping force led through the Nigerian army, re captured Freetown and reinstated Kabbah. Some kind of peace talks were held and maintained until January, 1999 once the RUF and AFRC launched ‘Operation No Living Thing’. The resulted in killing of about 6, 000 individuals Freetown.
By February, 2002 the RUF was disarmed and it is leaders were captured, thus bringing the official end to the war. Free and fair elections were held a couple of months later and Kabbah was re-elected because the President of Sierra Leone.
An UN-sponsored war crimes tribunal was placed in the year 2004 to try senior militia leaders on sides. By February, 2004 about 70,000 ex-combatants have been disarmed and rehabilitated and 3 months later the very first free local elections in a generation were held.
The UN peacekeepers left the nation in 2005 and were substituted with the United Nations Integrated Office for Sierra Leone to advertise government accountability, reinforce human rights, oversee development and make preparations the nation for the 2007 elections.